For coffee aficionados in Nigeria, the quest for a perfect cup of coffee is challenging. Unlike in some other countries where coffee shops are on every corner, sourcing high-quality coffee beans in Nigeria requires a bit more effort and knowledge. If you’re one of those eager coffee lovers yearning for the delightful experience of a freshly brewed cup, this guide is tailor-made for you to understand the different types of coffee beans.
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Exploring the different types of coffee beans
Being a coffee lover in Nigeria may present its challenges, but with the right knowledge and a bit of effort, you can enjoy a delightful cup of coffee right at home. Understanding the types of coffee beans, sourcing from reputable sources, and experimenting with different brewing methods will bring you closer to that perfect cup of joe. So, don’t let the challenges deter you – embrace the journey of discovering the world of coffee in Nigeria, one cup at a time. Now let’s look at the different types of coffee beans we have in the world.
Arabica beans are the most popular type of coffee beans globally, accounting for approximately 60% of the world’s coffee production. Their wide popularity is due to their unique flavor profile, which is often described as smooth, mild, and aromatic. These beans are known for their delicate and nuanced flavors. They are typically grown at higher altitudes and are considered the superior variety among coffee connoisseurs.
Robusta beans are the second most popular type of coffee beans worldwide, known for their unique qualities and widespread use in coffee production. Robusta beans are highly regarded for their affordability, making them a favored choice for coffee roasters aiming to produce budget-friendly coffee blends. They are often mixed with other coffee varieties to create a well-balanced flavor profile. Robusta beans are hardier and more robust in flavor. They are often used in espresso blends for their strong, earthy taste and higher caffeine content.
Like Arabica and Robusta, Liberica is another species of coffee plant. Unlike Arabica or Robusta, Liberica coffee beans don’t enjoy the same worldwide popularity and make up just 1.5% of global coffee production. Essentially all Liberica production comes from Southeast Asia, specifically the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. Coffee liberica is a remarkable coffee variety with a distinct flavor profile, prized for its bold, smoky taste and floral aroma.
In terms of flavor, Excelsa beans are pretty unique. They combine light roast traits like tart notes and fruity flavors with flavors that are more reminiscent of dark roasts. They’re also lighter on aroma and caffeine — while maintaining an unusual depth of flavor. You can sometimes find these unusual beans in blends because they add complexity.
Types of Coffee: Instant coffee vs brewed coffee
There is a misconception people have when trying to differentiate between instant coffee vs brewed coffee. Instant coffee is made from brewed coffee that has been freeze-dried or spray-dried to create a concentrated coffee extract. To prepare instant coffee, you simply add hot water and stir. It’s quick and convenient but may not have the same depth of flavor as brewed coffee. Brewed coffee is made by steeping ground coffee beans in hot water. The most common methods are drip brewing, pour-over, French press, and espresso. Brewed coffee is known for its richer flavor and aroma but typically takes more time to prepare.
Is Instant Coffee Real Coffee?
Yes, instant coffee is real coffee. It is made from brewed coffee beans that have been processed to remove the water content. You have left a concentrated coffee extract in powder or granule form. It may not taste exactly the same as freshly brewed coffee due to the processing, but it is indeed a coffee product
Caffeine Content in Coffee
The caffeine content in coffee varies widely, influenced by bean type, brewing method, and serving size. Whether you prefer a strong espresso or a milder cup of drip coffee, understanding the caffeine content can help you make informed choices to suit your taste and caffeine tolerance.
The caffeine content in coffee can vary depending on factors like the type of coffee bean, brewing method, and serving size. On average
Instant Coffee: An 8-ounce (240 ml) cup of instant coffee typically contains about 63 mg of caffeine, but this can vary.
Brewed Coffee: The caffeine content in an 8-ounce cup of brewed coffee can range from 95 to 200 mg or more, depending on the factors mentioned earlier. It’s worth noting that espresso tends to have a higher concentration of caffeine, with an average of about 63 mg per 1-ounce (30 ml) shot.
Now that you’ve been introduced to the major types of coffee beans, the next step is selecting the right one to suit your taste preferences. Your choice of coffee beans can significantly impact the flavor of your brew. Here’s a guide to help you make the best selection from the different types of coffee sold at everything but coffee
EBC Noir 100% Arabica Coffee Beans: If you’re a coffee connoisseur who values exceptional flavor and aroma and doesn’t mind paying a bit more, 100% Arabica coffee is an excellent choice. Arabica beans are renowned for their smooth, mild, and aromatic qualities. They’re the go-to option for a premium coffee experience.
EBC Pure Robusta Coffee Beans:
If you prefer a coffee with an extra caffeine kick, are conscious of your budget, and don’t mind a touch of bitterness, consider Robusta beans or a blend of Arabica and Robusta. Robusta coffee offers a stronger and more robust flavor profile, often with higher caffeine content. It’s a cost-effective option that’s still full of character.
Regardless of the type of coffee bean you choose, we strongly recommend opting for whole-bean coffee and grinding it just before brewing. This extra effort ensures you get the best flavor and freshness from your coffee. Pre-ground coffee can lose its flavor more rapidly.
So, whether you’re in pursuit of the perfect cup of coffee or simply curious about exploring different flavors, remember that your choice of coffee bean is the first step on your coffee journey. Enjoy the process of discovering the unique characteristics of each bean variety, and savor the rich and diverse world of coffee.